In general, prepositions dealing with location tend to be more similar to English, but those dealing with more abstract aspects of reality, such as time, tend to be more idiomatic, and are not directly translatable.  Despite the difficulty in finding hard and fast rules for prepositions, it can be useful to look at some generalizations about certain types of prepositions.


Prepositions of place: position relative to something else

bak behind on
foran in front of gjennom through
til venstre (for) to the left (of)  mellom between
til høyre (for) to the right (of)  blant among
ved siden av next to  langs along
over along  midt i/på in the middle of
under under, below  etter after
innenfor inside of  foran before, in front of
utenfor outside of red.arrow